QRISK®2

Explaining annual updates

We release a new version of QRISK®2 every spring, usually in April.

Annual updates are required because of:

These factors require us to remodel the QRISK®2 algorithm to the latest version of the QResearch® database each year to ensure the algorithm keeps up to date. If the algorithm is not re-calculated, then its performance would gradually decay and its clinical value would diminish as a result. We have therefore re-fitted the algorithm using a three quarter random sample of the QResearch® practices and incorporated this into the annual update of the software.

The 2017 update

We updated the coefficients for the QRISK®2-2017 algorithm using the latest version of the QResearch® database available at the time. The annual update documentation linked from the 2017 part of the site shows details of how risk factor recording and CVD incidence rates have changed over time.

In summary, CVD rates continue to decline and there continues to be an improvement in recording of self-assigned ethnicity over time.

The improvement in recording of ethnicity has resulted in more accurate estimation of risk for the different ethnic groups as it's based on a much larger sample size. The practical result is an increase in the weighting applied to the non-white ethnic groups which will result in a small increase to the corresponding risk scores.

As with any re-calibration, there are other changes to the relative risks given to the various input parameters. This is just what happens when a model is fitted to new data.

Still using QRISK®2-2016 or QRISK®2-2015

That's just fine. They both work very well. We recommend that those who integrate QRISK®2 into their own systems move to the QRISK®2-2017 score by the autumn -- this means that they have the freedom to schedule the work needed into a convenient point of their release cycle.

Where are the calculators?

Here is

and here are

QRISK®3

QRISK®3 was published in the BMJ on 23rd May 2017. You can find the calculator here:

What is the difference between QRISK®3 and QRISK®2?

QRISK®3 includes more factors than QRISK®2 to help enable doctors to identify those at most risk of heart disease and stroke.
These are

Has QRISK®3 been validated?

Yes. QRISK®3 has been validated on a separate group of practices from that used to develop the score and the performance is very good. See the academic paper for more details.

Why change the name from QRISK®2 to QRISK®3?

It's the same science and team behind the score, and the way that we intend it to be used remains exactly the same. In many ways it is very similar to our usual annual updates -- however, we thought that as we are introducing several new parameters, we'd upgrade its major version number.

What will now happen to QRISK®2?

QRISK®2-2017 will be the last version of QRISK®2 that we will produce. QRISK®3 will be the standard version of QRISK® shipped in our software development kits in 2018, so all implementations will become QRISK®3 in due course.